Definition and Existence of God


  • The belief in a supernatural power or supernatural powers
  • The belief in the existence of but one God – This view includes monotheism, pantheism and deism but excludes atheism, polytheism, and henotheism.
  • The belief in a personal God who is both transcendent and immanent and exists in only person.
  • The belief in one personal God, both immanent and transcendent who exists in three personal distinctions.

The Definition and Existence of God

  1. Definition of God
  1. Erroneous definitions
  1. The eternal mind, the cause of good. – Plato
  • The first ground of all being – Aristotle
  • The moral order of the universe – Fichte
  • The absolute spirit without consciousness until it becomes conscious in the thoughts of man – Hegel
  • The creative force and energy behind the universe – Henry Sloane Coffin
  • Biblical names for God.
  1. Elohim – God the most High God (plural)
  • Jehovah – I AM
  • Adonai – Lord
  • Theological definition:  “God is the infinite and perfect Spirit in whom all things have their source, support, and end.”  – Strong
  1. The Existence of God
  1. The belief in the existence of God is intuitive.

Romans 1:19-20

19 Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath shewed it unto them.  20 For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse: 

Romans 2:15

15 Which shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and their thoughts the mean while accusing or else excusing one another;)  

  • The existence of God is assumed by scriptures

Genesis 1:1

In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.

  • Arguments for the existence of God
  1. Cosmological argument – everything that begun must have an adequate cause.

Hebrews 3:4

4 For every house is builded by some man; but he that built all things is God.

  • Teleological argument – order and useful arrangement in a system imply intelligence and purpose in the organizing cause.
  • Ontological argument – the very ideal of God is proof of His existence.  Men have an intuitive idea of God.
  • The moral argument – every man has a sense of moral obligation, a sense of right and wrong.
  • Congruity – the existence of God best explains the facts of our moral, mental, and religious nature as well as the material nature of the universe.

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